Theology

The Confessions
St. Augustine

The Consolation of Philosophy
Boethius

Pensées
Pascal

Philosophy

Apology
Plato

Laches
Plato

Meno
Plato

Critique of Pure Reason
Kant

Discourse on Method
Descartes

Crito
Plato

Protagoras
Plato

On the Nature of Things
Lucritius

New Organon
Bacon

Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Locke

Phaedo
Plato

Gorgias
Plato

Encheiridion
Epictetus

Meditations on First Philosophy
Descartes

Politics

Founding Documents
by Founding Fathers

Discourses on Livy
Machiavelli

On Duties
Cicero

The Federalist Papers
Publius

On Friendship
Cicero

Second Treatise on Government
Locke

The Prince
Machiavelli

On Kingship
Aquinas

Literature

Julius Caesar
Shakespeare

King Lear
Shakespeare

Aeneid
Virgil

Paradise Lost
Milton

Henry IV, Part I
Shakespeare

The Tempest
Shakespeare

Don Quixote
Cervantes

Richard II
Shakespeare

Gulliver's Travels
Swift

The Divine Comedy
Dante

History

Lives
Plutarch

The Rise of Rome
Livy

History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Gibbon